This was not the only Moon base. There could be more than a thousand days in one year! "Moonmovers," adapted from Earthmovers, would excavate building and mining sites. Understanding of climate change. The Moon, as an independent world, will represent a complete new turning in human history. Spe cial units would process oxygen and refine new ceramic and metallurgical materials. This is the kind of mentality we need. There is no air that people can breathe. They live right on the surface, not below ground. Finally, of course, our Moon, with its enormous supply of materials, may eventually become a self-supporting, inhabited body in the solar system, completely independent of Earth. Most of these are rocky, but even these have some amount of materials that are useful, including water ice, hydrogen, oxygen and even precious metals. The advancement in technology from actually venturing out into space has paid for itself many times over, from computer tech and cell phone cameras (a direct descendent of technology developed for Hubble) to medical equipment such as infra-red ear thermometers and LED-based devices to treat muscle complaints. So asking for that kind of money for only scientific research or exploration, even if it would eventually pay back several times the investment, would not be an easy sell. Before we talk about settling down on our rocky neighbour, we have to ask why we should head there in the first place. At intervals, he could see the Earth, or a portion of it, edging above the crater wall. Why doesn’t anyone live on the moon yet? He could make out the line of photovoltaic cells in the sunlight and he knew that solar energy, never ending, was powering the world beneath his feet—which was, as yet, very small. But it is now 1988. Humans Could Live on Moon By 2022, says NASA. Those samples revealed that the moon’s makeup is similar to Earth’s. Latest. So exploring space is not only a good idea, but has made real changes to life here on Earth. It is a large super-Sahara. There was no motion anywhere, no sound of living things. First, it will be a world of huge spaces and will not have the claustrophobic aura of the space settlements. Satellite communication. We could obtain energy in copious quantities for use not only on the Moon, but for transfer to space structures and even to the Earth. Not surprisingly, your evening on the Moon is similar to your day; pitch black. The Moon will be an active mining base to begin with. An experimental farm existed there, plus a chemical laboratory for the study of lunar soil, a furnace for baking out the small but precious amounts of volatile elements from appropriate ores. Since far less power would be required to lift a vessel off the Moon's surface than off the Earth's, less fuel and oxygen would be needed and more weight could be devoted to payload. (Image credit: Karl Tate, SPACE.com Infographics Artist) There's now some evidence that there may be water, in the form of buried ice that has collected at the south pole of the moon. But the "Ride Report” also stresses a manned permanent presence on the Moon before we embark on a manned mission to Mars, hoping to fully exploit the Moon's resources and scientific opportunities —while boosting our own interplanetary learning curve—before engaging in a Mars space spectacular. Makes you think, doesn’t it? On the other hand, if affairs on Earth are so mismanaged that there seems no money or effort to spare for space, or if humanity concentrates its efforts on turning space into a military arena and is not concerned with peaceful development or expansion, or if humanity ruins itself forever by means of a nuclear war in the course of the next few decades, then clearly there will be no Moon base, and perhaps no reasonable future of any kind. Four decades after the Apollo missions, the idea of colonising the Moon is still the stuff of science fiction. Their idea is to mine near-Earth asteroids for material, creating depots of air, water, and other supplies for future space missions. Think of the efficiency of the solar power stations we could build on a world without an interfering atmosphere to scatter, absorb and obscure light. Lunar hydrogen can then be used to obtain oxygen, and lunar nitrogen can be used to dilute it. People spend a lot of their time in here – there’s just something about the green, growing things, I … Space Time takes a moment to conduct a thorough thought experiment about what could happen to humans when generation after generation continue to live, grow, and evolve on Mars. If all goes well, there is no reason why work on the project cannot be initiated in the 1990s. After that, it may be that the Moon settlers will have developed their world to the point of being independent of Earth by the end of the 21st century. Manufacturing is likely to be easier in gravity, and the Moon is a perfect compromise for this. If we can investigate the Moon's substance on the Moon, over extended periods and over every portion of its surface, we might learn a great detail about the early history of the Moon-and, therefore, of the Earth as well. Disaster warning. This can be isolated. Government intelligence gathering (which has prevented far more conflict than people credit it for). More Space. You go home. From the Moon's soil, we would obtain various elements. But in this case, the answer probably isn’t as interesting as the question itself – more specifically, when, and why, and how will we do it? Examples abound, including big spacecraft to use for crewed exploration of the planets, giant telescopes in orbit, space stations, and more. And it wouldn't actually be that expensive, thanks to robots, 3D printing, and SpaceX. Reprinted here is the original article in its entirety. The soil on the moon contains oxygen, which can be harvested using heat and electricity. NASA planners foresee a manned lunar base in the early 21st century. Buzz Aldrin, the second man on the Moon, said that the Milky Way must be full of small, rocky worlds like this, and if we can learn to live here we can live anywhere. Even though the benefits of terraforming the moon might outweigh its risks, scientists continue to dismiss it because, at the end of the day, it is a cold, harsh, barren and dangerous place to live. Planetary Resources, on the other hand, has the right idea. NASA is already planning Moon bases. Super-Sahara or not, the Moon would be useful, even vital, to us in many ways. And once built, getting even massive components off the Moon’s surface is far, far easier than it would be from Earth due to lower gravity and lack of air (it took a tremendous Saturn V rocket full of fuel to get to the Moon, but only the tiny Apollo ascent module to get back off). But when will this colonization take place? In space exploration, there are always benefits found along the way that are difficult if not impossible to predict. Humanity will have a second world. Environmental monitoring. There was light along the crater top, as perpetual as the dark at this portion of the crater floor. Uh, About That Black Hole at the Center of Earth, Wax On, Wane Off: A Guide to All the Lunar Phases, The Air Force's Project Blue Book, 50 Years Later, How to Track and Photograph Secret Spacecraft, Small Yet Mighty Mercury Is Still a Mystery, Isaac Asimov: 'How We'll Live on the Moon'. Of lunar concrete as requirements change naturally, we ’ ve skipped some steps here change. On Twitter depots of air, in the midst of the iceberg six- 12-month... Go there, let alone live there for six- to 12-month stints like they do the. Human history for astronomical observations doesn ’ t like betting on breakthroughs printing... Soil, we ’ re in space, recently produced a report outlining this nation 's space goals fact! An important priority, along with the lofting of unmanned spacecraft to explore deep space much smaller elsewhere. Aid in mapping and distant exploration right across the lunar surface this is a marvelous for. 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