tirunelveli river name

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Under the British rule, it was known as Tinnevelly. In 1743 Nizam-ul-mulk, lieutenant of the Deccan Plateau, displaced most of the Marathas from the region and Tirunelveli came under the rule of the Nawabs of Arcot. RIVER SAND in Tirunelveli. Tamil Nadu Ltd., Computer reservation centres", "Equatorial Geophysical Research Laboratory, Tirunelveli (T.N)", "List of cities where BSNL broadband service is available (As on 01.01.2007)", "List of cities where Calling Line Identification (CLI) Based Internet Service is available", "Commissionerate of Municipal Administration", "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Tirunelveli", "Visvesvaraya Industrial & Technological Museum Bangalore India: Satellite Units", "Key highlights of the general elections 1957 to the Second Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1962 to the Third Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1967 to the Fourth Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1971 to the Fifth Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1977 to the Sixth Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1980 to the Seventh Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1984 to the Eighth Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1989 to the Ninth Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1991 to the Tenth Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1996 to the Eleventh Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1998 to the Twelfth Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1999 to the Thirteenth Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 2004 to the Fourteenth Lok Sabha", "Economic and political weekly, Volume 30", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tirunelveli&oldid=1000780530, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible demonym list, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Tirunelvelian, Tirunelveli Karan, Nellaian, and Nellaikaran, TN-72(City Area), TN-72A(Valliyur Region), TN-76A(Ambasamudram Region), This page was last edited on 16 January 2021, at 17:57. Tirunelveli pronunciation , also known as Nellai and historically (during British rule ) as Tinnevelly, is a major city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Tirunelveli is an ancient city, and is more than 2,000 years old. Hindus form the majority of the urban population, followed by Muslims and Christians. The Tamirabarani River divides the city into the Tirunelveli quarter and the Palayamkottai area. Some of the other important rivers of Tirunelveli include Pachaiyar, Korayar, Chittar, Aintharuviar, Ramanathi, Jambunathi, Aluthakanniar, Gadananathi, Hanumanathi, Karuppanathi, Nambiyar, Karunaiyar, Vadamalaiyaru and so on. [77] Tirunelveli halwa was popularised by Irutukadai Halwa, a shop opened in 1900 which sells the sweets only during twilight. After acquiring Tirunelveli from the Nawab of Arcot in 1801, the British anglicised its name to "Tinnevelly" and made it the headquarters of Tinnelvelli District. what was the river name​, Explain the effect of defect on usability of road​, कुल पंजीकृत तथा कुल राजस्व की दृष्टि से विश्व का अकेले सबसे बड़ा तृतीय कला क्रियाकलाप क्या बन गया​, XI. Tirunelveli was the subsidiary capital of the Madurai Nayaks;[11] under Viswanatha Nayak (1529–64), the city was rebuilt about 1560. Pineapples were introduced during the 16th century, chilly and tobacco during the late 16th and potatoes during the early 17th centuries. Near the city are regional tourist attractions such as the Manimuthar and Papanasam Dams, the Ariakulam and Koonthakulam Bird Sanctuaries, Manjolai and Upper Kodaiyar. Other bus stands (for intracity services) are the Junction and Palay bus stands. Tirunelveli (Tamil: [tiɾɯnelʋeːli] (listen)) also known as Nellai and historically (during British rule) as Tinnevelly, is a major city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Sri Varadharaja Perumal Kovil is situated in Tirunelveli Junction, on the banks of the perennial river Thamirabarani (தாமிரபரணி). ‘Thiru – Nel – Veli’ meaning Sacred Paddy Hedge. Talakaveri. Compare the technology used in:Subsistence farming with commercial farming.Subsistence farmingCommercial farming​, Select all the correct answers. Krishna Raja Sagara Dam Mettur Dam. [20] The major lakes in the city are Nainar Lake and Udayarpetti Lake. Origin. It is the administrative headquarters of the Tirunelveli District. 348 km . It is also called Nellai. Gadananathi River or Karunai river dam Village in Tirunelveli A landscape scenery featuring paddy fields after harvest, in the foreground, with the Podhigai hills as backdrop. The temple was greatly expanded during the 16th-century Nayak period and has a number of architectural attractions, including musical pillars. The poligars waged war against Mahfuz Khan seven miles from Tirunelveli, but were defeated. A unique feature of this district is that it encompasses all five geographical traditions of Tamil Literature; kurinji (mountains), mullai (forest), marudham (paddy fields), neithal (coastal) and palai (desert). Tirunelveli also acknowledged as Tinnevelly is one of the largest cities in Tamil Nadu which is a commercial hub known for agrarian economy. Two years later, another rebellion became known as the Second Polygar War. [74] The temple has several festivals, the foremost an annual festival when the temple chariot is brought around the streets near the temple. [93] The city has a District Science Centre (a satellite unit of Visvesvaraya Industrial and Technological Museum, Bangalore) with permanent exhibitions, science shows, interactive self-guided tours, a mini-planetarium and sky observation. Industries in Tirunelveli include administrative services, agricultural trading, tourism, banking, agricultural machinery, information technology and educational services. Tirunelveli had a literacy rate of 91 percent, with male literacy 95 percent and female literacy 87 percent. [15] The polygars built forts in the hills, had 30,000 troops and waged war among themselves. Thamaraparani in Tamil is '''ThAn Marantha Para Nir''' means the river which spreads forgetting itself.The river is 130 kilometers in length and the Thamirabarani basin is situated between latitudes 8.21` N and 9.13` N and between 77.10` E longitudes. The Tamil dialect spoken in this region is distinct, and is widely spoken throughout Tamil Nadu. The line from Tirunelveli to Sengottai was opened in 1903; the connection to Quilon, which was completed later, was the most important trade route to Travancore province in British India. The history of Tirunelveli was researched by Robert Caldwell (1814–91), a Christian missionary who visited the area. It is considered as one of the oldest temples in South India and also one of the top Places to visit in Tirunelveli. -They feared that Spain and France would soon attack the United States together. It also prides itself as being the site where the Nellaiappar Temple is located[4], Tirunelveli is also known for halwa, a sweet made of wheat, sugar and ghee. [34] Service sectors such as tourism have developed, due to a growth in religious tourism. [106] The city has a Passport Seva Kendra, a public-private-sector collaboration, which accepts passport applications from the Tirunelveli region for the passport office in Madurai. In Tamil and Sanskrit literature of earlier times, the Pandyas were referred to as the rulers of the land where the Tamaraparani flowed. [5][6] The word Tirunelveli is derived from three Tamil words: thiru, nel and veli, meaning "sacred paddy hedge". -They feared Spain had transferred lands that the United States already claimed. Karnataka . In early 1900's, parts of Tirunelveli district was made as Ramanathapuram and Virudhunagar districts. The original power lay in the hands of the polygars, who were originally military chiefs of the Nayaks. Both Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) and Code division multiple access (CDMA) mobile services are available. The nearest domestic airport is Thoothukudi Airport. [101] The underground drainage system was constituted in 1998, covering 22 percent of the corporation area. [2] Tirunelveli was known in Sambandar's seventh-century Saiva canonical work Tevaram as Thirunelveli. Maximum precipitation occurs during the northeast monsoon (October–December). Twenty-two kilometres (fourteen miles) of highway are maintained by the State Highways Department and thirty kilometres (nineteen miles) by the National Highways Department. However, the state government put the project on hold after increasing protests against it.[41]. Anna University of Technology Tirunelveli was established in 2007, offering a variety of engineering and technology courses for undergraduate and graduate students. They house some of MNCs such as Atos Syntel, Coca-Cola, Yokohama Rubber Company, Indian Oil Corporation Limited, Novo Carbon Private Limited, Bosch Limited, Alliance Tyre Group, Ramco Cements, India Cements, etc. The downtown is located on the west bank of the Thamirabarani River; its twin Palayamkottai is on the east bank. [78], Tirunelveli has a number of cinemas which predominantly play Tamil movies. From 1550 until the early modern era, migration to the city from other parts of the state was common and the urban regions became hubs of manufacturing and commerce. [29], Tirunelveli Junction railway station is one of the oldest railway stations in India. [29], The main bus stand (popularly known as the New Bus Stand), opened in 2003, is located in Veinthaankulam and there is regular bus service to and from the city. The art of sweet-making spread to other parts of Tamil Nadu, such as Nagercoil, Srivilliputhur and Thoothukudi. The administrative and military headquarters was located in Palayamkottai (anglicised as "Palankottah"), from which attacks against the polygars were launched. In 1755, the British government sent a mission under Major Heron and Mahfuz Khan which restored some order and bestowed the city to Mahfuz Khan. [29][30], Inscriptions from the eighth to the 14th centuries (during the rule of the Pandyas, Cholas and later Tenkasi Pandyas) indicate the growth of Tirunelveli as a centre of economic growth which developed around the Nellaiappar temple. Introduction Tirunelveli District was formed in 1790 by the East India company, later came under the direct control of the British Crown Queen Victoria. [96] The drop in female school attendance between ages 15 and 19 is almost four times greater than that in the rest of Tamil Nadu. [53] The current Member of Parliament from the constituency is Gnanadhiraviyam of the DMK. [35] Food-processing industries have developed since the late 1990s; at the district level, it is the foremost industria l segment. The town is located roughly 400 kilometers away from Chennai. [37] The major agricultural produces in the region are paddy and cotton. The overall sex ratio in the city was 1023, and the child sex ratio was 957. [83], During the 1790s, Tamil Christians established a number of schools in Tirunelveli. SHARE THIS. [14] It became a City Municipal Corporation in 1994, bringing the Palayamkottai and Melapalayam municipalities, the Thatchanallur town panchayat and eleven other village panchayats within the city limits. The soil is friable, red and sandy. In tirunelveli which river was best river? Tirunelveli is located 700 km (430 mi) southwest of the state capital Chennai, 58 km (36 mi) away from Thoothukudi and 73 km (45 mi) from Kanyakumari. with effect from 20.10.1986 the district was … [98] A chief distribution engineer is stationed at regional headquarters. [32] The chief exports during British rule were cotton, jaggery, chillies, tobacco, palmyra fibre, salt, dried saltwater fish and cattle. Tirunelveli had four sub-district schools: two teaching Tamil and one each for Telugu and Persian. Length. It lies along the Tambraparni River slightly upstream from the town of Palayankottai, with which it is now merged administratively. [73], The nearest airport to Tirunelveli is Tuticorin Airport (TCR) at Vaagaikulam in Thoothukkudi District, 22 km (14 mi) east of the city, which offers daily flights to Chennai and Bangalore. [89] Most Christian schools and colleges in the city are located in the Palayamkottai area.[38]. [22], According to 2011 census, Tirunelveli had a population of 473,637 with a sex-ratio of 1,027 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929. The area around the Tamirabarani River and the Chittar has five streams: Kodagan, Palayan, Tirunelveli, Marudur East and Marudur West, and the Chittar feeds fifteen other channels. [45], Tirunelveli is a part of the Tirunelveli Lok Sabha constituency, with ten assembly constituencies: Tirunelveli, Vasudevanallur (SC), Sankarankoil (SC), Kadayanallur, Nanguneri, Ambasamudram, Tenkasi, Alangulam, Radhapuram and Palayamkottai. Kodaimelaalagain Dam Kannadian Dam . what was the river name Get the answers you need, now! The city is an educational hub of southern India, with institutions such as Anna University Regional Campus - Tirunelveli, Tirunelveli Medical College, The Tirunelveli Veterinary College and Research Institution, Tirunelveli Law College, the Government College of Engineering, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University and much more. [68] There are units for prohibition enforcement, district crime, social justice and human rights, district crime records and a special branch operating at the district level, each headed by a deputy superintendent of police. Tamil is the main language spoken in the city, but the use of English is relatively common; English is the medium of instruction in most educational institutions and offices in the service sector. [48] All departments are under the control of a municipal commissioner. Livestock of the city and district comprises cattle, buffalo, goats, sheep and other animals in smaller numbers. [48] Legislative power is vested in a body of 55 members, one from each ward. The Tirunelveli Municipality was established in 1866 during British rule. It is a hub of many schools, colleges and many important government offices. Maruti Celerio price starts at Rs 4.46 Lakh in Tirunelveli. The downtown is located on the west bank of the Thamirabarani … It is described as a microcosm of the state. It lies along the Tambraparni River slightly upstream from the town of Palayankottai, with which it is now merged administratively. List of all towns and Villages in Tirunelveli Taluka of Tirunelveli district, Tamil Nadu. The district has diverse geographical and physical features like lofty mountains, low plains, rivers and cascades, sea coast and thick inland and mountain forest, sandy soil and fertile alluvium, a variety of flora, fauna and protected wild life. Tirunelveli is one of the many temple towns in the state which is named after the groves, clusters or forests dominated by a particular variety of a tree or shrub and the same variety of tree or shrub sheltering the presiding deity. -They believed that American Indians from the territory would soon attack the United States. [81], The Government Exhibition, an annual event at Exhibition Grounds, attracts thousands of visitors from in and around Tirunelveli. [98] The city is headquarters for the Tirunelveli region of the four-division TNEB and, with its suburbs, forms the Tirunelveli Electricity Distribution Circle. It was called the Tamraparni River in the pre-classical period, a name it lent to the island of Sri Lanka. this river passing around tirunelveli area "Vatratha Jeeva Nathiyaam Engal Thamirabarani Nathi" The Tamiraparani is a symbol of Tamil culture and civilization and an identity of the far south of India. Vaigai River [104], Tirunelveli is part of the Tirunelveli Telecom District of Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL), India's state-owned telecom and internet-services provider. 4. [26], According to provisional data from the 2011 census the Tirunelveli urban agglomeration had a population of 498,984, with 246,710 males and 252,274 females. 3. [61] The ADMK won the seat seven times: 1977–80,[62] 1984–89,[63] 1989–91,[64] 1991–96,[65] 1998,[66] 1999–2004[67] and 2014 elections. The corporation maintains a total of 763.3 km (474.3 mi) of roads. Thamiraparani River - Thirunelveli - (Greater Thirunelveli) on the map. [54], Law and Order of the city is maintained by the Tirunelveli City division of the Tamil Nadu Police, headed by a commissioner. The website provides list of all details about the manufacturers, suppliers, exporters, service providers in Tirunelveli. [25] A total of 46,624 were under the age of six, constituting 23,894 males and 22,730 females. [50] Tirunelveli city is the district headquarters for the Tirunelveli district. Tourists will get to witness amazing sights, beautiful waterfalls, mesmerizing temples and some of the incredible places to visit in Tirunelveli. Geographical Location: Tirunelveli District having geographical area of 6759 sq.kms, […] Tirunelveli is a city in the southern part of Tamil Nadu, India. Tirunelveli is also connected by major highways to Kollam, Tiruchendur, Rajapalayam, Sankarankovil, Ambasamudram and Nazareth. The district was formed on 1 September 1790 by the British East India Company (on behalf of the British government), and comprised the present Tirunelveli and Thoothukudi, Tenkasi and parts of Virudhunagar and Ramanathapuram district. Xavier's College' and St. John's College (operated by the Church of South India diocese), MDT Hindu College, Sadakathulla Appa College and Sarah Tucker College are notable arts colleges. The agricultural areas, hand-woven clothes and household industries contribute to the economic growth of the city. [25] The city had a total of 120,466 households. Khan became ruler, rebelled in 1763 and was hanged in 1764. [102][103] The corporation maintains a total of 184.8 kilometres (114.8 mi) of stormwater drains, 27 percent of the total road length. it contains a kasiviswanathar temple. tenkasi is a great city of nellai. It originated during the mid-1800s at Lakshmi Vilas Stores, which still exist. [21] The most common tree is the palmyra palm, a raw material in cottage industries. Tirunelveli, city, southern Tamil Nadu state, southeastern India. [99][100], About 100 metric tonnes of solid waste are collected from the city daily in door-to-door collection; source segregation and disposal is performed by the sanitary department of the Tirunelveli Municipal Corporation. [76] The Nataraja shrine in the temple represents copper, and features many copper sculptures. Top Places to Visit in Tirunelveli, India: See Tripadvisor's 4,202 traveller reviews and photos of Tirunelveli attractions. Dam. The buildings and monuments in Tirunelveli are astonishing. 1. Tirunelveli is located 700 km (430 mi) southwest of the state capital Chennai, 58 km (36 mi) away from Thoothukudi and 73 km (45 mi) from Kanyakumari. Also popular are football, volleyball, swimming and hockey, played on facilities provided by the Tirunelveli Division of the Sports Development Authority of Tamil Nadu.

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