There are three main types of marigolds. Decrease to 10 hours per day over the second month. It is because marigolds’ fragrance can repel certain pests. These seeds will germinate successfully when the soil is warm enough, between 15o C and 21o C. Many gardeners suggest you sow the seeds directly to the ground because they are easy to … Increase to 16 hours a day over the first month. Planting marigold seeds at the right time is important. That’s why they tend to think twice before growing marigolds that have pungent foliage. Plants grow 10-12 inches tall with a spread of about 8 inches. I have been growing marigolds for many years. It means it is a tender plant that needs to be protected from the cold. Plant marigolds close to crops that suffer from aphids and greenfly. There are fewer steps involved, fewer materials required, and you avoid the risk of transplant shock. Just sprinkle the seeds and cover with a thin layer of soil and water well. Plant them in loose soil or in a pot or container. Growing from seed is possible, but takes significantly more time, though the patient and steadfast gardener will be rewarded for their work. When planting, the soil should be well-draining and fall somewhere between 6.0 and 7.0 on the pH scale. If you’re a fan of marigolds too, you probably purchase a flat or two every year to add to your own vegetable garden, or arrange in your flower beds or planters. Single Flower French Marigold (Jaguar) Double Flower African Marigold. Make sure you check out our complete guide to growing marigolds. And to learn more about growing flowers in your garden, why not check out the following guides next: Photos by Kristina Hicks-Hamblin © Ask the Experts, LLC. There are about 50 species of Tagetes or marigold. Soil Marigolds have no particular soil requirements. There are several different types, which vary in the size of their flowers, and they come in a range of colours, including yellow, orange, red, mahogany, bicolors and even white. After collecting seeds from marigold flowers, lay them out for a day or so to dry. In general, you can plant smaller cultivars 6-8 inches apart, and larger ones 10-12 inches apart. Healthy Marigold plant 1 The seeds have only just been planted. French marigolds can easily be started from seed, while African marigolds are best purchased as young plants (when started from seed, they can take a long time to flower). When to sow marigold seeds really depends upon your climate. Scrape back a little bit of soil to use for covering the seeds. Decrease to 10 hours per day over the second month. Marsh marigold is able to remove pollutants and excess nutrients from water and soil. While it is very easy, starting marigolds from seed indoors offers no real advantage because they germinate so quickly outdoors. Seed tray or container; Seed / cutting compost suitable for young seeds (muli purpose is often fine) plant label and a marker; Marigold seeds either from a new packet or saved from the previous year; Lets get growing ! Only put this combination before you plant marigolds, as a way of preparing the soil. Plant your transplants in a full sun location with well-draining soil, and water them in. Grow marigold seeds to bring the colour of sunshine to your garden in all weathers. Healthy Marigold plant 1 The seeds have only just been planted. The French Marigold stands out due to its brightly colored blooms in hues of yellow, brown, and orange. How to Plant Marigolds. All of these recommendations are the faster-maturing French type marigolds, T. patula. What part of Colorado are you in? These flowers are readily available as plants at garden centers across the nation, but they are also easy to grow from seeds. Marigolds are very frost sensitive, so they should not be sown outdoors until all chance of frost has passed. If you’re starting indoors, sow the seeds in a well-draining, rich soilless growing medium in a warm place. Wait for the Marigolds to Dry Before Harvesting. 5 The marigold … Hi Steve, That’s a shame. It is said that the plants are named Tagetes because the seeds of these flowering plants are very easy to plant. Plants reach 8-10 inches tall and have a 6 to 8-inch spread at maturity. Remove the Marigold Seeds. Water only at the ground level, and avoid spraying the flowers directly with water to keep your blooms looking fresh instead of soggy and wilted. Growth Habit: Marigolds are compact growing, and will not sprawl, as many other annuals are prone to do.Keep spent blossoms and stems are pruned to encourage bushier growth. If you don’t have a full-sun location, plants from both genera will tolerate partial or afternoon shade. How do you know if you have a long growing season? Gradually taper off watering so that established plants receive about 1 inch a week. I start seeds in a seed growing tray or small pot at the end of spring. Marigolds are spaced according to whether you are planting seeds or transplants and in relation to the expected width of the specific variety. Tagetes Asteraceae Marigold 'Tangerine Gem'Marigold 'Lemon Gem' Temperature Germination: 22°C Growth: 24°C Light Marigolds do best with plenty of light. These seeds are light and airy, and that can be easy to do! Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. 5 The marigold plants are ready to harvest. This tough, colorful, and pest-resistant flower readily produces nonstop blooms, and it brings with it a host of benefits for your garden. Marigold seed germination usually takes 5 to 7 days. 3 The marigold plants have begun to grow their flowers. It's crucial to wait for the right time to collect marigold seeds. If you can’t find this information on your seed packet, French marigolds (Tagetes patula) will generally bloom in 50-60 days, while Mexican marigolds (T. erecta) need 70-100 days. Will you be sowing outdoors or starting indoors? 4 The marigold plants are larger, and more developed in their petals. And which wonderful varieties are you growing? When you first plant your marigold seeds or plants, make sure they get regular water. Finally, calendula plants are edible and considered safe. Tagetes Asteraceae Marigold 'Tangerine Gem'Marigold 'Lemon Gem' Temperature Germination: 22°C Growth: 24°C Light Marigolds do best with plenty of light. You’ll find ‘Strawberry Blonde’ in packs of 50 seeds for purchase exclusively at Burpee. If you’d rather forego an indoor seed starting project, there are some cases where you can get away with sowing marigolds directly into your garden: Let’s talk more about that last point. How to plant: Marigolds germinate quickly, sprouting within a few days and blooming in about 8 weeks, making them easy to grow from seed. Plants reach 10-12 inches in height and have a 9-inch spread. Hybrid Marigold Seeds. They are quick and easy to grow from seed, germinating in … Marigolds are plants that are very tolerable to different growing conditions, so you will find that they do not require a lot of care to thrive. I’ll go over each of these different factors, so you can decide which method will work best for you. Checklist of things you need. Start your plant at 12 hours of light per day. If your final frost date is late, you’ll really benefit from planting marigold seeds indoors 4 to 6 weeks before the last frost. COPYRIGHT © 2021 ASK THE EXPERTS LLC. Pot marigold, Calendula, is a joyful flower. Need a little more guidance on how to care for these annuals? Seems like a good deal to me! When considering where to plant your marigolds, be aware that these plants need to grow in soil that drains well. SEED COLLECTION (Tagetes erecta) Collecting marigold seeds may result in being buried in marigolds, because these flowers produce a lot of seeds per bloom.It’s beyond easy to wind up with enough seeds to fill a mason jar by constantly harvesting from only a few plants- … Propagating Marigolds . Here are a few tips for you to get started: About a week before you wish to transplant your seedlings, start hardening them off outdoors to acclimate them to their new growing conditions. When you’re ready to sow, first choose a full sun location in your garden. Compare your number of frost-free days with the number of days the plant needs to reach maturity. The simple, daisy-like blooms in yellow and orange come in single, semi-double or fully double forms. Temperature and Humidity . Like many plants, marigolds come in two varieties: heirloom open-pollinated and hybrid. On the other hand, if you have had issues with these crops getting hit with early frosts in the past, you are probably like me and many other northern and high elevation gardeners who must deal with the challenges of a short growing season. By: Deborah Stephenson 21 September, 2017. ‘Queen Sophia’ will reach maturity in 60 days. ‘Strawberry Blonde’ will reach maturity in 55-70 days. And once summer is at full tilt, I love seeing their happy yellow, orange, and red flowers brightening up my garden. If you decide to sow directly into your garden soil, plan on doing this about a week or two after your last average frost date. Separate seedlings once they are 2 inches tall. They are also used as a colouring agent for cheese and butter. I start seeds in a seed growing tray or small pot at the end of spring. If it is particularly hot and sunny, water them every day. Calendula Plants are easy to grow and the petals of the flower are edible and are plucked from the flower and used to, brighten up and serve with salads. Sow seeds directly into the ground, planting seeds ½ inch deep and 10 inches apart.  X Research source Marigold Seeds. The seedlings need to be about eight to 18 inches apart in your garden, so make sure to plant the seeds accordingly, and then … Start your plant at 12 hours of light per day. Here are some reasons why you might want to start your marigolds indoors instead: If you decide to start your seeds indoors, plan to sow them 6-8 weeks before your average last frost date. From the petite to the large 5 inches across . Sow the seeds directly in the soil in Spring. Let the Seeds Dry. In this guide, I’ll go over how to start the three Tagetes species from seed. However, if your growing season only has an average of 104 days (my growing season is closer to this number), you might not get to enjoy the blooms at all if you sow seeds outdoors. Follow the process outlined below to save marigold seeds: Allow the flower head to dry on the stalk until it becomes brown; When the flower is dry and brown, cut the flower from the stalk Their flowers are fully matured. Level out the soil and pat it gently to firm it up. While you can purchase ready-grown marigolds at garden center, growing plants from seed allows you to explore lesser-known marigold cultivars and to experience the joy of growing flowers from seed. These plants are frost tolerant and are good as a garden bed plant or container plants for outdoor spaces. Fill the seed planter with potting mix or seed starting mix. Growing marigold plants from seed, a simple how to guide. The African marigold seeds need to be sown between February and April, again under glass in gentle heat. But, they love growing this flowering plant as a companion to other plants. Seeds will germinate anywhere from 4 to 14 days in warm soil that has an average temperature of 70°F – 75°F. When seedlings are about 2 inches tall, thin out all but the strongest plant from each cell. These annual flowers can tolerate some shade, particularly if your summers are really hot. Marigold Description Marigolds can range in size from 12 to 30 inches in both height and width. Sow marigolds in spring, or set them out as bedding plants. Water daily for the first week. If you’re planting marigold seeds outdoors, pick a location that receives full sun. Spacing depends on … How to Plant Marigold Seeds. These traditional cottage garden plants were often used in healing remedies and have added benefits as the petals are edible and they make good companion plants for vegetables. Sow seeds 1 inch apart and water thoroughly after planting. Thanks for the tips. The petals of this French type are dark orange with yellow edges, and its double blooms measure 2 to 3 inches across. In Colorado French Marigolds (Tagetes) pretty much grow like weeds. Companion planting: Marigolds are one of the most popular companion plants for vegetable gardens. Marigolds can be sown straight in the ground where they are going to flower, so make sure the soil you sow is weed free by using a trowel to remove the weeds. tall. You don’t want to plant marigold seeds too early. Don't leave them in dry soil for more than a couple of days. Flowers in the ‘Durango’ mix come to maturity in 50-60 days. A packet of Calendula seeds (varieties that can be sown from March include ‘Fiesta Gitana’, ‘Daisy Mixed’, ‘Greenheart ... Plant label; How to grow. The Marigold is termed a half-hardy annual, expressed by HHA written on the corner of the packet. See our TOS for more details. The “Brownie Scout Marigold” was the seed my mom gave me to plant. We occasionally link to goods offered by vendors to help the reader find relevant products. Considering all the factors – the length of your growing season, your chosen varieties, and how quickly you want to enjoy the blooms – you should have a pretty good idea by now of the best way to turn seed into ‘golds. Pat and smooth the soil gently, and water lightly with a watering can, or using the gentle shower setting on your watering wand. Sow and Plant. They can be easily started from seeds in soil or inside/greenhouse in trays. Place groups of 3 or 4 seeds on the prepared soil, spaced 6-12 inches apart, depending on the mature spread of your chosen variety. This also helps to protect me from the sun too! Care: Marigolds don't require deadheading, but if spent blooms are clipped, the plants will continue to bloom profusely. Once they have had a few weeks to establish a good root system, they will be more drought-tolerant, but they will still bloom best if given weekly water. Now find the days to maturity for your selected variety or cultivar. Broadcast seed into cultivated soil so that the seeds are about 2 inches (5 cm) apart and one-half inch (1 cm) deep. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Keep reading to learn more about how to plant marigold seeds. They will flower from June to September. Wait until spring to start the planting process. This varies, depending on the specific marigold variety. Marigold seed germination usually takes 5 to … If you’re starting indoors, sow the seeds in a well-draining, rich soilless growing medium in a warm place. How to Start Indoors. Just sprinkle the seeds and cover with a thin layer of soil and water well. Refer to the package directions for the appropriate planting depth, as this will vary by marigold breed. Starting marigold seeds indoors is pretty easy, but it does require a few materials and supplies. If you are looking into propagating this flower, then you should do it from seeds as it is the easiest way. How to grow marigolds from seed Marigolds are a garden staple, known for their bright flowers and pest repelling qualities. They will be ready to transplant into your garden at the beginning of your local warm season, and the earlier maturing varieties will bloom soon after transplanting them. They’re a great plant for children to grow as well. ‘Queen Sophia’ is an All-America Selections Winner whose fiery petals are warm and entrancing. Marigolds emit a scent that repels aphids and attracts hoverflies, which are a predator of aphids. African marigolds are beloved for their bright large, fully double flower heads, and French marigolds are bushy and compact with small flowers and a neat overall appearance. First, place them outside in a shaded location where they are protected from wind. Sow seeds, cover, firm down and water well. If your area is prone to late killing frosts in the spring or early summer. Marigolds can grow in a variety of soils, but they prefer rich, well-draining soil if they can get it. A … Don't leave them in dry soil for more than a couple of days. How to grow marigolds in your garden Choose a spot in the garden that receives full sun and prepare the planting area well by digging in Yates Dynamic Lifter Soil Improver & Plant Fertiliser. Planting marigold seeds is a good gardening project for both new gardeners and more advanced gardeners. Plant the French marigold (Tagetes patula) and Mexican marigold (Tagetes lucida) seeds 8 – 10 inches apart. If you are able to successfully grow warm-season crops like tomatoes, squash, eggplant, and peppers without concerns about them being killed by early frosts, you probably have a long growing season in your area. Marigolds are agreeable to most garden soils and need very little maintenance to thrive. Here’s a more precise way to find out if you have time to sow these annuals outdoors: Compare the number of frost-free days in your area with the number of days the plant needs to reach maturity. In early spring (March, if there is no danger of hard frost), plant marsh marigold in damp, rich soil, enough to cover the roots and hold it in place. Marigolds are most commonly thought to be the little orange and yellow flowers everybody grows because everybody can grow them. Broadcast seeds over an empty bed and cover with a thin layer of potting mix. Allowing your marigolds 6-8 weeks of growth before setting them out will give them a jump start, and you’ll enjoy the blooms earlier than if you were to sow them directly in the garden. During mid or late spring, you can begin readying the soil for planting your marigolds. Plants readily germinate from seed and can be sown in situ or in trays and then transplanted at a later date. Separate your seedlings when they’re two inches (5 cm.) Sow seeds directly into a sunny, well-drained garden bed once the soil is warm in spring, or get a head start and sow into pots in late autumn. Planting marigold seeds 1. 2. They’re low maintenance, they’re fast-growing, they repel pests, and they’ll provide you with bright, continuous color until the fall frost. Plant 2-3 seeds per starter tray cell. Direct seed. So, what have you decided, gardener? Alternatively, sow your seeds in raised beds. Aztec marigold (Tagetes erecta) seeds should be at least 10 to 12 inches apart, It takes seeds around 8 weeks to bloom. Do you think sowing seeds directly in the garden might not be the best option for you? Marigolds … Marigolds are hardy to hot and cold temperatures. Marigolds are a cheerful flower—even the name sounds happy and sunny—so many gardeners, both beginners and pros, turn to them when planning a garden. The result is that… Read more ». I have been planting marigolds for many years now. Not only are they low-maintenance pollinator attractors, but their strong scent can also deter insects. Sow seeds of both types of marigolds outdoors after the last frost. Marigolds are tender annuals, which means they are not at all cold hardy and will be damaged or killed by frost. If it is particularly hot and sunny, water them every day. Sow seeds directly outside after all danger of frost has passed and the soil has begun to warm up. Enjoy your marigolds! If you’re dealing with heavy clay, mix in some compost to help with drainage. Only save seeds from open-pollinated varieties as saving seeds from hybrid plants is unreliable. The three main species of marigolds found in US gardens are the Mexican (sometimes called African) marigold, Tagetes erecta, the French T. patula, and the signet marigold, T. tenuifolia. Their tolerance for less-than-perfect soil conditions, their ability to thrive in all but the coldest and harshest of climates, and their naturally forgiving nature when it comes to care (or lack thereof) makes them a favorite of gardeners throughout the world. Use sterilized potting soil or soilless starting mix. Marigolds with a strong scent have proven to be better at pest control. I like to do this several hours before I sow my seeds, so the soil is moist but not soggy at planting time. Marigold seeds are straight and black with a white brush-like tip. Ah, the pungent smell of marigolds – their distinctive fragrance tells me that summer has most definitely arrived. If you are willing to be patient for flowers to appear. Staking: Shorter varieties require no staking.Taller, cut flower types may benefit from staking to avoid falling over in strong wind. That way, once your marigolds germinate, the risk of late frosts will likely already have passed. 4 The marigold plants are larger, and more developed in their petals. Once planted, water thoroughly. Best Soil and pH for Growing Marigold. When seedlings are about 2 inches tall, thin out all but the strongest plant from each cell. Before sowing, wet the soil lightly with a gentle spray from the hose. Signet marigolds (T. tenuifolia) often flower in just 60 days, depending on the variety. How to plant marigold seeds: The first step for growing marigolds from seed is to sow the seeds. Glorious marigolds flower in the colors of the sun: brilliant yellow, bold orange, bright white, rich gold and warm red tones. It's easy to grow marigolds from seed and they often come back every year, since they're pretty good at self seeding! Over the course of a week, gradually increase their exposure to direct sun and wind by about an hour a day, until they outdoors for the entire day, placed in the location where you intend to plant. There’s lots of variation in climate conditions in this part of the country – I’m in NE Utah and a full zone lower than the next town over. Probably one of the most commonly planted annuals in the world, Marigolds are a fantastic variety to begin as they were, most likely, the first seed you may have planted as a child. Here is more about what we do. Marigold Plants have orange or bright yellow flowers. 2. Short varieties should be spaced a foot (0.5 m.) apart, and tall varieties should be 2 to 3 feet (0.5 to 1 m.) apart. Just enter your zip code, and it will tell you the average number for your area. of more medium. You’ll find ‘Queen Sophia’ seeds in a selection of package sizes at Eden Brothers. Should I Grow Marigold Seeds Or Plants? However, I have been searching high and low for the marigold seed that got me started. Instructions. Description of Marigold Plants. Water from the base and not from the top. Optional: If soil is nutrient-starved, add some slow-release (granular) fertilizer in the planting hole. This opens up your options to enjoy exciting new cultivars, and saves quite a bit of money in your gardening budget, to boot. Or perhaps both? While some marigolds are edible others can be toxic. The bold marigold has gracefully taken a step back as the market for new and exotic flowers expands at a wild rate. 5 They do like quite a bit of water but summers here are hot and dry. Soil quality doesn’t seem to matter, about 6 hours of sun per day seems to be minimum. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! French (Tagetes patula), Gem or Signet (T. tenuifolia), and African (T. erecta). Deadheading: Deadheading, or pinching off wilted flower heads, will encourage continued blooming and prevent unwanted self-seeding. In fact, their hardiness makes it unnecessary to start marigold seeds indoors. When planting marigolds, look for a spot with full sun. The seeds also differ between the two plants. Marsh marigold is a much-loved wetland and riparian plant native to much of Europe, including the UK, as well as northern Asia, much of the northern and coastal US, and Canada.Belonging to the buttercup family, Ranunculaceae, marsh marigold is not, as its common name implies, actually a marigold. GROW MARIGOLD FROM SEEDS EASILY AT HOMESEED TO FLOWER FULL INFORMATION WITH UPDATES(Buy good quality seeds from my seed seller his whats app no. Marigolds are plants of the genus of Tagetes. Kristina loves the challenges of dryland gardening and teaching others to use climate compatible gardening techniques, and she strives towards creating gardens where there are as many birds and bees as there are edibles. Read more now. Another member of the Asteraceae family, Calendula officinalis is known as the pot or English marigold. But it’s a lot cheaper and more fun growing marigolds by seed. You will find seeds of several marigold species in our store – French marigold, Mexican marigold and signet marigold. Water gently and regularly over the next week to keep the soil from drying out. Let us know in the comments below. One thing to remember: when you’re collecting marigold seeds, you can’t necessarily depend upon getting a true copy of the parent’s flowers. Uncredited photos: Shutterstock. Thin your marigolds when they’re a few inches (7.5 to 13 cm.) Make sure to water every day until seedlings emerge. If you are growing a slower maturing variety, such as most. The new flowers are orange and small at first. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Once plants are established, give them a good soak about once a week. Marigolds are typically limited to shades of yellow, red, and orange – so spotting a unique, pink-colored cultivar such as ‘Strawberry Blonde’ is quite a thrill. Marigolds are some of the most rewarding annuals you can grow. Fill starter pots or trays with Yates Seed Raising Mix. Seedlings are quick to emerge within 5 to 10 days after planting. Sowing seeds outdoors is more straightforward than starting them indoors. Kristina considers it a point of pride that she spends more money on seeds each year than she does on clothes. Marigolds are a garden staple, known for their bright flowers and pest repelling qualities. How to Grow China Aster for Color in the Late Summer Garden, How to Grow Pansies and Violas for Multi-Season Color, How to Grow Anise Hyssop: A Flowering Perennial Perfect for Borders, 9 Fast-Growing Vegetables and Herbs to Pep Up Your Pantry Menu, How to Identify and Treat Hydrangea Diseases, 11 of the Best Gardening-Themed Books for Children, If you are growing a faster maturing variety, such as most French (. Water from the base and not from the top. They make excellent companion plants for tomatoes and are available in every garden nursery. Plant them in the spring and you’ll have a whole new generation of marigolds. If you decide to plant the seeds, you will need to put the seeds on the top of the soil and cover them in about 1/8th of an inch of soil. CARING FOR MARIGOLDS IN THE GARDEN . The flowers of this variety start out red, and then transform into a lovely pinkish-yellow hue. 4. But once you cross the line from fan to fanatic like I have, you may want to start growing these annuals from seed. She is a Certified Permaculture Designer and a Building Biology Environmental Consultant, and holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in liberal studies from the University of North Carolina at Greensboro. Marigolds are so easy to grow that they’re often a child’s first garden success.Given warmth, they grow quickly. The heirloom types breed true, from parent to child. You can also get a jump start on your marigold plants by starting seeds indoors 4-6 weeks before the last frost. Learn more about when to sow seeds indoors versus outdoors in this guide. Some marigolds are agreeable to most garden centers across the nation, but it s... If it is the easiest way of marigold to grow their flowers one of the packet popular plants... 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Marigolds outdoors after the last frost a simple how to plant marigold seeds indoors 4-6 before! More developed in their petals fan to fanatic like I have, you can begin the process about inches. Late spring, you can begin the process about 2 inches tall, thin out all but strongest.