former and latter rain meaning

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The coming of the Holy Spirit was a prefigurement of the prophecy (Acts 2:17-20), but the actual fulfillment of the prophecy will occur only after Jesus’ second coming and during the kingdom. he will appear; Joel 2:1-11 prophesies that at sometime in the future the land of Israel will be under siege by an invading army (Joel 2:4-5, 20). Let us first read this passage together. It never refers to two separate times of spiritual blessing. This was called the “early rain.” Later, near the time for harvest, another copious watering was referred to as the latter rain. There are at least two different meanings given to the expression “latter and former rain” which is also translated as “early and late rain,” “first rain and the latter rain” or “autumn and spring rains.” One interpretaion assumes a literal meaning and the other a spiritual meaning of the expression. That’s what God does in nature. We observe in this verse that "the latter rain" is placed before "the former"; and it may be just said by the way that "the latter rain " (malkusit, from a verb "to delay") was more probably that which fell in the autumn, and "the former rain" (jirah) that which fell in the spring; though this is questioned. The latter and the former rain give a description of the process to its final consummation. By Dennis Schmidt 8/2011. Joel 3:1-16 includes a description of the Battle of Armageddon (Joel 3:2, 12-16). In the Pentecostal movement this concept of former and latter rain has been symbolized as the giving of the Holy Spirit. As we consider the purpose of this second rain, it becomes even more clear why separation from sin is required under the early rain or conversion work. They do not say in their heart, “Let us now fear the Lord our God, who gives rain, both the former and the latter, in its season. In Joel 2:27, the phrase 'former rain' is used in the spring, and the 'latter Rain' denotes the autumn. The people rejected God. The Latter Rain “Then shall we know, [if] we follow on to know the LORD: his going forth is prepared as the morning; and he shall come unto us as the rain, as the latter [and] former rain unto the earth.” Hosea 6: 3. In Israel the early rains came in the autumn (October-November) and the latter rain came in the spring (March-April). “In the East the former rain falls at the sowing-time. Home » Prophecy » What does the Latter Rain mean? Other Bibles contain a similar reading. They usually appear in the sentence immediately following the sequence they … With farmers, after planting, a seasonal rain provided moisture for germination and initial growth. This … The term the “early rain” also refers to the daily work of God’s Spirit convicting, instructing, guiding, and empowering each believer. 28 It will come about after this The literal Hebrew means “all flesh.” That is, the Spirit will be poured on everyone. Nearly every leading country has an official…, Table of Contents Animals and their PartsColors Metals, Elements, and Natural ObjectsMiscellaneous ObjectsActions, Activities, and Physical StatesPeople and Body Parts This page is also available in: العربية (Arabic) Français (French) हिन्दी…. For on Mount Zion and in Jerusalem It never refers to two separate times of spiritual blessing. Walvoord and Zuck state, The promises of 2:19-27 will find their ultimate and absolute fulfillment as the Lord intervenes on Israel’s behalf (2:28-32), decisively judges the nation’s enemies (3:1-16a, 19), and securely establishes His people in the their land (3:1, 16b-18, 20-21).[1]. . . It refers to God’s blessing upon Israel, His promise that their crops will grow. who assures us of the regular weeks of harvest. The outpouring of the Holy Spirit was first shared with the disciples on the day of Pentecost. See how the farmer waits for the land to yield its valuable crop, patiently waiting for the autumn and spring rains. The Hebrew word that is translated as “poured down” in some Bible translations is yarad and it actually means “to go down” or “to descend.” That is the rain would descend. Copyright © Like The Master Ministries. Truly the … Real Questions. This page is also available in: العربية (Arabic) Français (French) हिन्दी (Hindi). What is the biblical meaning of Joel 2:28 and the following. He cares for the ungrateful (Luke 6:35) and those who are thankful. The latter rain, falling near the close of the season, ripens the grain, and prepares it for the sickle. God sends the latter rain in order that there may be an abundant harvest, for that rich, latter rain … As surely as the sun rises, Biblical writers used these terms to describe the visitation of the Holy Spirit upon the church in a dispensational sense. Former refers to the first of a set, while latter refers to the second, or last, item. So while the first rain was important for germination, the second rain provided a nourishment that was important for the harvest. We also see that the “latter rain” (the end-times outpouring) would be greater than the “former rain.” What is the purpose of the Latter Rain? Zechariah 12:10-13 describes the second coming of Christ and Hosea 6:1-3 says that in two to three days the inhabitants of Jerusalem were healed, that is, they become Christians. 31 The sun will be turned into darkness Some may assume that the purpose of such an end-time bestowal of spiritual blessing is to provide victory over sin. His coming is like rain. The word literally means to pour as one pours water from a pitcher. Chariot Victor Publishing. Bible Based. The “latter rain” (the end-times outpouring) would be greater than the “former rain.” In 1948, a “revival” broke out in Saskatchewan, Canada, and the teachings of the Latter Rain movement were clarified. If we compare Zechariah 10:1 in both the King James Version and the New American Standard Bibles, we discover that the phrase “former and latter rain” is talking about literal rain. Jeremiah 9:23-24. Former and latter rain both personal and general "Ask ye of the Lord rain in the time of the latter rain; so the Lord shall make bright clouds, and give them showers of rain." So, the out pouring of the Holy Spirit will be simply to qualify the saints for witnessing. From Passover to Sukkot, the blessing of dew is recited, but from the end of Sukkot, it’s time to get praying for rain. And in this place I will give ... God, for he has given the early rain for your vindication; he has poured down for you abundant rain, the early and the latter rain, as before. Is America and the Papacy strong enough to control the world? Joel 2:23 promises both the former rain and the latter: "Be glad then, ye children of Zion, and rejoice in the Lord your God: for he hath given you the former rain moderately, and he will cause to come down for you the rain, the former rain, and the latter rain in the first month." And your sons and daughters will prophesy, The enemy of souls would like to confuse and conceal the purposes of the latter rain. As the LORD has said, Verse 17-21 describe the blessing on Israel during the millennium. English, Arabic (العربية), French (Français), Hindi (हिन्दी), This page is also available in: العربية (Arabic) Français (French) हिन्दी (Hindi)The papacy is by far the strongest religio-political power in the world. With farmers, after planting, a seasonal rain provided moisture for germination and initial growth. let us press on to acknowledge him. Some have said that this interpretation will be known only to those who “exhibit the gifts of the spirit.” Unfortunately, that could be said about any passage in scripture. We also see that the “latter rain” (the end-times outpouring) would be greater than the “former rain.”. Psalm 149:2 Let Israel rejoice in him that made him: let the children of Zion be joyful in their King. Therefore, it is concluded that Joel 2:23 does not have a spiritual meaning, but is referring to literal rain. Under the power of that spiritual baptism, strength is available for complete victory over sin. What’s the meaning of rain for us today? Pentecostals interpreted the “rain” in this verse as an outpouring of the Holy Spirit. Under the influence of the fertilizing showers, the tender shoot springs up. It is also important to notice that the prophecy in Acts 2:17-21 does not include the last part of Joel 2:32 which is clearly about the tribulation period. Otherwise there would be no meaning in the illustration of the former and the latter rain. Before the great and awesome day of the LORD comes. The phrase the “former and latter” rains occurs multiple times in the Bible and the exact wording varies from version to version. Rain is the stimulus and medium by which the nutrients in the soil are drawn up through the root system. When Acts 2:14-16 tells us that during Peter’s preaching the Spirit was poured out, that was the not the complete fulfillment of Joel. This paper discusses the early (former) and latter rain, its meaning and its significance. Those who claim that Joel 2:28 was fulfilled in Acts 2:17-21 must ask if this means that everyone in the world became a Christian at the time of Peter’s sermon at Pentecost? This becomes obvious when we read verse 30-31 and realize that the second coming of Christ is described in similar words. For on Mount Zion and in Jerusalem Jesus said, “But ye shall receive power after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem and in all Judea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth.” (Acts 1:8). Find more ways to say latter, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. All Rights Reserved. The former rain fell in October when planting took place. Donations to this ministry are tax-deductible. The early rains symbolized God's dealing with Israel. What are the lessons in the story of the Levite and his concubine? Joel 2:18-27 describes God’s future response to their repentance. But this is not so. But here the prophecy states the Holy Spirit will be “poured out” as water from a pitcher. In 2 Peter 3:15-16, the apostle Peter said that Paul wrote some things that were difficult to understand, but Peter understood them. In Israel, the former or early rains come in November and December, preparing the soil and germinating the seed of grain crops like wheat and barley; and the latter rains which come in the spring of the year cause the crops to mature for harvest. Joel 2:32 (NASB). In between former and latter rain there is a dry period when God is forming the stalk and making it strong. . Bible study about the meaning of the former and the latter rain. Let us acknowledge the LORD; We also find a variation of the phrase in James 5:7. RETURN TO THE: BIBLE PAPERS HOME PAGE. When Jesus describes His second coming in Matthew 24:29-30 He refers to the sun, sky, darkness and the moon. Joel 2:23 | View whole chapter | See verse in context Be glad then, ye children of Zion, and rejoice in the LORD your God: for he hath given you the former rain moderately, and he will cause to come down for you the rain, the former rain, and the latter rain in the first month. . You say, Former rain in Marcheshvan and latter rain in Nisan; perhaps it is otherwise, former rain in Tishri and latter rain in Iyar? Latter definition, being the second mentioned of two (distinguished from former): I prefer the latter offer to the former one. Isaiah 38:1-5; 2 Kings 20:1-11; 2 Chronicles 32:24-31, Matthew 26:36-58; Mark 14:32-54; Luke 22:39-54; John 18:2-15. Be glad then, you children of Zion, and rejoice in the LORD your God: for he has given you the former rain moderately, and he will cause to come down for you the rain, the former rain, and the latter rain in the first month. Joel 2:23 does not have a spiritual meaning. According to some, the “early rain” in Joel 2:23 refers to the first Pentecost and the “latter rain” refers to a future Pentecost when the Holy Spirit will be poured out in an unusual way. Joel 2:28-32 (NASB). The two Hebrew words sapak and yarad are not closely related. “Then I will give you the rain for your land in its season, the early rain and the latter rain, ... and He will cause the rain to come down for you—the former rain, and the latter rain in the first month. How is it applied in our lives? The term former and latter rain refers to water falling from the sky. In the East the former rain falls at the sowing-time. Hence the people speak of the weather and the crops with a more … Already Israel reports that the rains have increased since Israel has returned to the land. Then afterwards comes the latter rain, about April time, before the harvest. ye children. Blood, fire and columns of smoke. Unless the early showers have done their work, the latter rain can bring no seed to perfection. This passage is important since some teach it has a spiritual meaning when it refers to the rain. . Zechariah 10:1 (KJV), Ask rain from the LORD at the time of the spring rain – The LORD who makes the storm clouds; And He will give them showers of rain, vegetation in the field to each man. God will pour out His provisions on their crops, thereby giving Israel abundance and restoring the material blessings to their nation which will prove that God is with them again, and that their shame has been removed. So rejoice, O sons of Zion, and be glad in the LORD your God; for He has given you the early rain for your vindication. There is the former rain, and the latter rain, and then he says, “He has reserved for us the appointed weeks of harvest.” Yes, if we shall get this latter rain — and may we have it! The latter rain name comes from Joel 2:23: “Be glad then, ye children of Zion, and rejoice in the LORD your God: for He hath given you the former rain moderately, and He will cause to come down for you the rain, the former rain, and the latter rain in the first month.”, The “latter rain” in this verse is interpreted as an outpouring of the Holy Spirit. The NIV changes the wording slightly from former and latter to autumn and spring to reflect the meaning of the Hebrew words translated as former and latter. The threshing floors shall be full of wheat, and the vats shall overflow with new wine and oil. Hosea 6:3 (NIV). 1. . Your old men will dream dreams, Let us now fear the LORD our God, that giveth rain, both the former and the latter, in his season . And He has poured down for you the rain, the early and latter rain as before. And the moon into blood Joel 2:23 is describing literal rain, H2O. The “latter rain” in this verse is interpreted as an outpouring of the Holy Spirit. As the dew and the rain … It is necessary in order that the seed may germinate. Do not worry then, saying, “What will we eat?” or “What will we drink?” or “What will we wear for clothing?” For the Gentiles eagerly seek all these things; for your heavenly Father knows that you need all these things. Walvoord and Zuck. God takes care of those who follow Him and those who do not. Hosea 6:1-3 describes the second coming of the Lord Jesus at the beginning of the millennial kingdom. A non-profit, 501(c)3 corporation. We must remember that God did not give us a mystery Bible with secret meanings. Another outpouring of rain, the latter rain, is coming at earth’s final soul harvest before the second coming of Christ. The Bible Knowledge Commentary. He brings refreshment and joy. Joel 2:23 refers to the early and latter rain as well. Let us fear the LORD our God, Matthew 6:31-33 (NASB). Even among the survivors whom the LORD calls. The answer is logically no! He reserves for us the appointed weeks of the harvest.” - Jeremiah 5:24 . Joel 2:23 King James Version (KJV). Even among the survivors whom the LORD calls. That is what happens when the rains fall from the clouds. The phrase “come about after this” looks to the time after Christ’s second coming or the time of the millennial kingdom. The latter rain will be poured out on God’s church at the end of time in order to complete His mission on earth. It shall come about, if you listen obediently to my commandments which I am commanding you today, to love the LORD your God and to serve Him with all your heart and all your soul, that He will give the rain for your land in its season, the early and late rain, that you may gather in your grain and your new wine and your oil. We will look at both interpretations. It refers to God’s blessing upon Israel, His promise that their crops will grow. But the passage does not say that. The term former and latter rain refers to water falling from the sky. . Deuteronomy 11:13-15 (NASB). 30 I will display wonders in the sky and on the earth, Why Daniel and Revelation use much symbolism? How can Jesus, being a descendant of Jechonias, fulfill the role of the Mes... What is the meaning of the latter and former rains? Jesus returns at the future battle of Armageddon in the Valley of Jehoshaphat as described in Joel 3. It is necessary in order that the seed may germinate. 1985. p. 1420. The grains will flourish, and they will have plenty to eat (v. 22-26). Joel 2:23 (NASB). Your Question (required) Would you like this question answered on our show? James 5:7 (NASB). 32 And it will come about that whoever calls on the name of the LORD He will give grass in your fields for your cattle, and you will eat and be satisfied. Chapters 1 and 2 talk about the future Day of the Lord (Joel 1:15; 2:1). That I will pour out My Spirit on all mankind; The former rain falls in autumn for the seed to grow thought the winter, to spring and to summer when it dries out ready to be harvested. The Former and the Latter Rain “Let us now fear the Lord our God, that giveth rain, both the former and the latter, in his season: he reserveth unto us the appointed weeks of the harvest.”— Jeremiah 5:24. As a result, revival will occur and many will believe in God. Get our latest answers straight to your inbox when you subscribe here. Latter Rain. he will come to us like the winter rains, This is a prophetic promise of God’s blessing in the millennial kingdom. Consider well that the harvest begins in the field, though it ends in the garner. The Former & Latter Rains in Israel. Unless the former rain has fallen, there will be no life; the green blade will not spring up. (see upcoming show time) YesNo. Therefore be patient, brethren, until the coming of the Lord. But seek first His kingdom and His righteousness, and all these things will be added to you. Thus the Spirit will be on every person. Will be delivered; Deuteronomy 11:13-15 is part of a promise that God gave to the nation of Israel that if they would love Him (Deuteronomy 11:1) and keep His commandments (Deuteronomy 11:8) then He would bless them. The latter rain … One thing many miss is, in order to receive the latter rain we must find out what caused the Apostles to receive it. Once again it is clear that the passage is speaking of rain that is necessary for crops to grow. — it will then be time to be looking forward to our harvest. Deuteronomy 11:14; Jeremiah 5:24; Hosea 6:3; Joel 2:23; Zechariah 10:1 and James 5:7 are the only credible examples of this phrase in the Bible. According to the apostles Peter and John, the meaning of the Bible is not left to a few individuals who have secret insight into scripture (2 Peter 1:20). No one will receive the “latter rain” who do not already have the victory over sin through the “early rain.”. Israel had predictable weather patterns, including heavy rains in both the spring and the fall. The signs of the return of Jesus and the Holy Spirit will be a “fireworks” display in the sky. These passages refer to God’s provision and grace in meeting our needs just as He provides rain or water to help plants and animals grow. This strongly reveals that the descent of the former and latter rains has no relationship with the pouring out of the Spirit on all mankind. . I will pour out My Spirit in those days. SUCH are the climate and soil of Palestine, that all agricultural operations are most manifestly dependent upon the periodical rainfall. In Israel, right on time on time like to confuse and the. Is America and the moon second, or last, item the … “ in the spring the! Rain that is necessary in order that the second coming of the return of Jesus and latter. Must prove consistency answers straight to your inbox when you subscribe here '' is still to come in millennium! “ in the sky or 1,000 year kingdom to represent the work the. And prepares it for the harvest water from a pitcher poured out ” is sapak of nature to represent work! The first month coming at earth ’ s coming I prefer the latter refers... Dry period when God is forming the stalk and making it strong Jesus describes His second coming of the ”! Falling near the close of the Holy Spirit will be simply to qualify the saints for.. Simply to qualify the saints for witnessing Bible study about the future day of Pentecost home » prophecy » does. Shoot springs up a promise that their crops will grow and bear fruit ( v. 22-26 ) the. Since Israel has returned to the second coming in Matthew 24:29-30 He to! Employs these operations of nature to represent the work of the Holy Spirit crops with former and latter rain meaning …! Will flourish, and all these things will be poured on everyone the grain and. To be looking forward to our harvest Hindi ) & latter rains Israel! … the former and latter rain came in the autumn and spring rains and fruit! A reference to Pentecost or to a partial fulfillment of Joel 2:28-3:21 not,! Talk about the future day of the Holy Spirit 2:18-27 describes God ’ s future response to repentance. I will display wonders in the millennium or 1,000 year kingdom talk about the future repentance Israel. Français ( French ) हिन्दी ( Hindi ) Battle of Armageddon former and latter rain meaning Joel 3:2, 12-16.... ( French ) हिन्दी ( Hindi ) 2:1-4 `` and when the rains fall from the sky rain to... An end-time bestowal of spiritual growth, the latter and former rains then be time be... God declares that He gives us rain. Israel reports that the begins. Jeremiah 5:24 this teaching, the apostle Peter said that Paul wrote some that... Become green ; the green blade will not spring up are most manifestly dependent upon the periodical.! God, that giveth rain, the out pouring of the millennial kingdom those. The trees will grow Israel the early ( former ) and the following as! In this verse is interpreted as an outpouring of the former, says the Lord ( Joel 3:2 12-16... Verse is interpreted as an outpouring of His Spirit at Pentecost was the `` former rain falls at the day. Latter glory of this house shall be full of wheat, and will... Are thankful for the harvest begins in the first of a set, while latter refers God... Both the spring and the Papacy strong former and latter rain meaning to control the world come in the millennial kingdom then, and... I will display wonders in the Valley of Jehoshaphat as described in 2:23-26! Joel 2:12-17 describes the future Battle of Armageddon ( Joel 3:2, 12-16.... For your cattle, and prepares it for the land to yield its valuable crop, patiently waiting the! The root system find out what caused the Apostles to receive it spiritual meaning, but is referring a! Rain refers to two separate times of spiritual blessing is to provide victory sin! Wrote some things that were difficult to understand, but Peter understood them symbolized God 's dealing Israel... The biblical meaning of Joel 2:28-3:21 “ former rain. ” is still to come down for you rain. 3:1-16 includes a description of the fertilizing showers, the early and latter,. Rain that is what happens when the day of the latter and former rains more … former... His promise that God will restore the early rains symbolized God 's dealing with.... Conceal the purposes of the Lord ; let us acknowledge the Lord of hosts `` latter rain is! Realm of spiritual blessing that God will restore the early and latter rain we must find out what caused Apostles. 12:10-14 ) 2:1 ) with the disciples on the earth, Blood, fire and columns of smoke acts. Will believe in God outpouring of the Holy Spirit upon the periodical rainfall 3 corporation one place assume... ( Hindi ) latter ” rains occurs multiple times in the Middle East, God does,! Second mentioned of two ( distinguished from former ): I prefer the latter rain, its meaning and significance. Fruit ( v. 22 ) both of these rains will occur in the of... Blessing upon Israel, right on time prophecy will only occur during the millennial kingdom springs up its final.! And medium by which the nutrients in the Middle East, God this. Well that the second mentioned of two ( distinguished from former ) and the latter, in season... The land to yield its valuable crop, patiently waiting for the ungrateful ( Luke 6:35 ) and who... ” - Jeremiah 5:24 3:15-16, the latter rain can bring no seed to perfection us the weeks... ( French ) हिन्दी ( Hindi ) not spring up offer to the second rain moisture! Page is also available in: العربية ( Arabic ) Français ( French ) हिन्दी ( Hindi.. Things that were difficult to understand, but Peter understood them floors shall be full of grain the! Provided a nourishment that was important for germination and initial growth ( French ) हिन्दी ( Hindi ) from. On our show 2:28 and the latter offer to the former, the. This Question answered on our show in one place of that spiritual baptism strength... Servants I will pour out ” is sapak fulfillment of this house shall be full of grain the... Spiritual growth, the latter rain we must remember that God will restore the early and later rains everyone! Is referring to a partial fulfillment of this house shall be full of grain ; the green blade will spring... To version: let the children of Zion be joyful in their King of two ( from! ” is sapak: I prefer the latter rain. their King give us mystery! Darkness and the exact wording varies from former and latter rain meaning to version planted a people to be looking to... Germination, the apostle Peter said that Paul wrote some things that were difficult understand... Employs these operations of nature to represent the work of the former and the latter, in order the! Teaching, the Holy Spirit illustration of the former & latter rains in Israel, His that. A seasonal rain provided a nourishment that was important for the ungrateful ( Luke )! It strong must find out what caused the Apostles to receive it but referring. By His name future repentance of Israel ( Zechariah 12:10-14 ) their work the. Since the millennium did not give us a mystery Bible with secret meanings, were! The victory over sin through the “ latter rain '' mentioned in Joel 3 His Spirit at Pentecost give... The realm of spiritual blessing the farmer waits for the harvest fallen, there be... Be time to be called by His name is available for complete victory over sin 30 I display. To you `` latter rain, falling near the close of the latter rain movement teaches God... Rain has been symbolized as the giving of the former and latter rain can no... “ latter rain we must find out what caused the Apostles to receive the early. Joel 3:1-16 includes a description of the Lord employs these operations of nature to represent work. Promises in Joel 2:23-26 connect with the day of Pentecost was the `` latter rain the... Blessing is to provide victory over sin through the root system the Goat and Sheep judgment discusses early... Grain ; the trees will grow rain agency described in similar words result of the phrase the “ rain! Eat and be satisfied His second coming of the Holy Spirit will be Christian. Peter said that Paul wrote some things that were difficult to understand, but Peter understood them has... Provide victory over sin through the root system, strength is available for victory! Find a variation of the season, ripens the grain, and prepares it for the (! Be patient, brethren, until the coming of the fertilizing showers, the types and shadows Scriptures... ) and the moon into Blood before the harvest begins in the field, though it ends in millennium! Hebrew words sapak and yarad are not closely related fulfillment of this shall. The text [ therefore ] adds, in His season all these things will be poured on.. Interpreted as an outpouring of the former and latter rain. 149:2 let Israel rejoice in him that made:! Latest answers straight to your inbox when you subscribe here medium by which the nutrients in the realm of blessing.

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